WackoWiki: Local Test Server

https://wackowiki.org/doc     Version: 106 (13.02.2024 10:41)

Local Test Server


XAMPP is a completely free, easy to install Apache distribution containing MariaDB, PHP, and Perl. The XAMPP open source package has been set up to be incredibly easy to install and to use.


1.1. Step 1: Download


Simply click on one of the links below. It's a good idea to get the latest version.

A complete list of downloads (older versions) is available at SourceForge[link1].

1.2. Step 2: Installation

After downloading simply type in the following commands:

Go to a Linux shell and login as the system administrator root:


Change the permissions to the installer

chmod 755 xampp-linux-x64-8.3.4-0-installer.run	

Run the installer


XAMPP Installer

That's all. XAMPP is now installed below the /opt/lampp directory.

Problem starting XAMPP in OpenSUSE

The error message about netstat occurs because openSUSE has removed it from the net-tools package. It should go away if you install the package net-tools-deprecated. note[link2]

XAMPP: Starting Apache...fail.
httpd: Syntax error on line 522 of /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /opt/lampp/etc/extra/httpd-xampp.conf: Cannot load modules/mod_perl.so into server: libnsl.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Additionally you need to install the package libnsl1 manually to solve the issue.

1.3. Step 3: Start

To start XAMPP simply call this command:

/opt/lampp/lampp start	

You should now see something like this on your screen:

Starting XAMPP for Linux 8.3.4-0...
LAMPP: Starting Apache...
LAMPP: Starting MySQL...
LAMPP started.	

Ready. Apache and MySQL are running.

If you get any error messages please take a look at the Linux FAQ.

1.4. Step 4: Test

OK, that was easy but how can you check that everything really works? Just type in the following URL at your favorite web browser:


Now you should see the start page of XAMPP containing some links to check the status of the installed software and some small programming examples.

1.5. A matter of security (A MUST READ!)

As mentioned before, XAMPP is not meant for production use but only for developers in a development environment. The way XAMPP is configured is to be open as possible and allowing the developer anything he/she wants. For development environments this is great but in a production environment it could be fatal.

Here a list of missing security in XAMPP:

  1. The MySQL administrator (root) has no password.
  2. The MySQL daemon is accessible via network.
  3. ProFTPD uses the password "lampp" for user "daemon".
  4. PhpMyAdmin is accessible via network.
  5. Examples are accessible via network.
  6. MySQL is running under "mysql".
  7. Apache is running under "daemon".

To fix most of the security weaknesses simply call the following command:

/opt/lampp/lampp security	

It starts a small security check and makes your XAMPP installation quite secure. For example this protects the XAMPP demo pages by a username ('lampp') and password combination.

1.6. Advanced start and stop parameters


Parameter Description
start Starts XAMPP.
stop Stops XAMPP.
restart Stops and starts XAMPP.
startapache Starts only the Apache.
startssl Starts the Apache SSL support. This command activates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay activated.
startmysql Starts only the MySQL database.
startftp Starts the ProFTPD server. Via FTP you can upload files for your web server (user "nobody", password "lampp"). This command activates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay activated.
stopapache Stops the Apache.
stopssl Stops the Apache SSL support. This command deactivates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay deactivated.
stopmysql Stops the MySQL database.
stopftp Stops the ProFTPD server. This command deactivates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay deactivated.
security Starts a small security check programm.

For example: To start Apache with SSL support simply type in the following command (as root):

/opt/lampp/lampp startssl	

You can also access your Apache server via SSL under https://localhost/.

1.7. What is where?

What is where? A big question of our existens, here are some answers! ;)


File/Directory Purpose
/opt/lampp/bin/ The XAMPP commands home. /opt/lampp/bin/mysql calls for example the MySQL monitor.
/opt/lampp/htdocs/ The Apache DocumentRoot directory.
/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf The Apache configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf The MySQL configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini The PHP configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf The ProFTPD configuration file.
/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.phpThe phpMyAdmin configuration file.
/opt/lampp/logs/php_error_log The PHP error log file.

1.8. Setting SQL_MODE

Strict mode[link3]


1.9. Enable GD and Intl extension on Windows

On XAMPP for Windows the GD and Intl extension are disabled by default, however WackoWiki requires both extensions.

  1. Open php.ini file (e.g. C:\xampp\php\php.ini).
  2. Search for ;extension=gd and ;extension=intl.
  3. Remove ; from both then restart the Apache server.

1.10. Stopping XAMPP

To stop XAMPP simply call this command:

/opt/lampp/lampp stop	

You should now see:
Stopping XAMPP for Linux 8.3.4-0...
LAMPP: Stopping Apache...
LAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
LAMPP stopped.	

And XAMPP for Linux is stopped.

1.11. Uninstall

To uninstall XAMPP just type in this command:
keeping htdocs and databases

or entirely
rm -rf /opt/lampp	

1.12. Enable or Disable Mode Rewrite

httpd.conf (/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf)

 LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so	

 #LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so	

1.13. Setting Up Virtual Hosts

-> Running more than one web site on a single machine[link4]

1.14. Create a symbolic link to htdocs

Create a symbolic link between a directory which you have read and write permissions in with htdocs.

sudo ln -s /home/USERNAME/git/project /opt/lampp/htdocs	
and enter root password when prompted.

Or use drag and drop in your favorite file manager to create a symbolic link.

1.15. Create a shortcut link to manager-linux-x64.run

 kdesu /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.run	

XAMPP desktop file configuration

XAMPP control panel

2. openSUSE