Local Test Server


1. XAMPP

XAMPP is a completely free, easy to install Apache distribution containing MariaDB, PHP, and Perl. The XAMPP open source package has been set up to be incredibly easy to install and to use.


https://www.apachefriends.org/faq_linux.html

1.1. Step 1: Download

https://www.apachefriends.org/download.html


Simply click on one of the links below. It's a good idea to get the latest version.


A complete list of downloads (older versions) is available at SourceForge.

1.2. Step 2: Installation

After downloading simply type in the following commands:


Go to a Linux shell and login as the system administrator root:

su	


Change the permissions to the installer

chmod 755 xampp-linux-x64-8.1.6-0-installer.run	


Run the installer

./xampp-linux-x64-8.1.6-0-installer.run	

XAMPP Installer


That's all. XAMPP is now installed below the /opt/lampp directory.

1.3. Step 3: Start

To start XAMPP simply call this command:


/opt/lampp/lampp start	

You should now see something like this on your screen:


Starting XAMPP for Linux 8.1.6-0...
LAMPP: Starting Apache...
LAMPP: Starting MySQL...
LAMPP started.	

Ready. Apache and MySQL are running.


If you get any error messages please take a look at the Linux FAQ.

1.4. Step 4: Test

OK, that was easy but how can you check that everything really works? Just type in the following URL at your favourite web browser:


http://localhost	

Now you should see the start page of XAMPP containing some links to check the status of the installed software and some small programming examples.

1.5. A matter of security (A MUST READ!)

As mentioned before, XAMPP is not meant for production use but only for developers in a development environment. The way XAMPP is configured is to be open as possible and allowing the developer anything he/she wants. For development environments this is great but in a production environment it could be fatal.


Here a list of missing security in XAMPP:


  1. The MySQL administrator (root) has no password.
  2. The MySQL daemon is accessible via network.
  3. ProFTPD uses the password "lampp" for user "daemon".
  4. PhpMyAdmin is accessible via network.
  5. Examples are accessible via network.
  6. MySQL is running under "mysql".
  7. Apache is running under "daemon".

To fix most of the security weaknesses simply call the following command:


/opt/lampp/lampp security	

It starts a small security check and makes your XAMPP installation quite secure. For example this protects the XAMPP demo pages by a username ('lampp') and password combination.

1.6. Advanced start and stop parameters


START AND STOP PARAMETERS


Parameter Description
start Starts XAMPP.
stop Stops XAMPP.
restart Stops and starts XAMPP.
startapache Starts only the Apache.
startssl Starts the Apache SSL support. This command activates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay activated.
startmysql Starts only the MySQL database.
startftp Starts the ProFTPD server. Via FTP you can upload files for your web server (user "nobody", password "lampp"). This command activates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay activated.
stopapache Stops the Apache.
stopssl Stops the Apache SSL support. This command deactivates the SSL support permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future SSL will stay deactivated.
stopmysql Stops the MySQL database.
stopftp Stops the ProFTPD server. This command deactivates the ProFTPD permanently, e.g. if you restarts XAMPP in the future FTP will stay deactivated.
security Starts a small security check programm.

For example: To start Apache with SSL support simply type in the following command (as root):


/opt/lampp/lampp startssl	

You can also access your Apache server via SSL under https://localhost/.

1.7. What is where?

What is where? A big question of our existens, here are some answers! ;)


IMPORTANT FILES AND DIRECTORIES


File/Directory Purpose
/opt/lampp/bin/ The XAMPP commands home. /opt/lampp/bin/mysql calls for example the MySQL monitor.
/opt/lampp/htdocs/ The Apache DocumentRoot directory.
/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf The Apache configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf The MySQL configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini The PHP configuration file.
/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf The ProFTPD configuration file.
/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.phpThe phpMyAdmin configuration file.
/opt/lampp/logs/php_error_log The PHP error log file.

1.8. Setting SQL_MODE

Strict mode


my.cnf

sql_mode = ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION	

1.9. Enable GD and Intl extension on Windows

On XAMPP for Windows the GD and Intl extension are disabled by default, however WackoWiki requires both extensions.


  1. Open php.ini file (e.g. C:\xampp\php\php.ini).
  2. Search for ;extension=gd and ;extension=intl.
  3. Remove ; from both then restart the Apache server.

1.10. Stopping XAMPP

To stop XAMPP simply call this command:


/opt/lampp/lampp stop	

You should now see:

Stopping XAMPP for Linux 8.1.6-0...
LAMPP: Stopping Apache...
LAMPP: Stopping MySQL...
LAMPP stopped.	

And XAMPP for Linux is stopped.

1.11. Uninstall

To uninstall XAMPP just type in this command:
keeping htdocs and databases

 ./uninstall	

or entirely

rm -rf /opt/lampp	

1.12. Enable or Disable Mode Rewrite

httpd.conf (/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf)


ON

 LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so	

OFF

 #LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so	

1.13. Setting Up Virtual Hosts

http://wiki/
http://wiki.localhost/
-> Running more than one web site on a single machine

1.14. Create a symbolic link to htdocs

Create a symbolic link between a directory which you have read and write permissions in with htdocs.


sudo ln -s /home/USERNAME/workspace/project /opt/lampp/htdocs	

and enter root password when prompted.

1.15. Create a shortcut link to manager-linux-x64.run

KDE:

 kdesu /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.run	

XAMPP desktop file configuration


XAMPP control panel

2. openSUSE


3. MAMP

MAMP installs a local server environment in a matter of seconds on your macOS or Windows computer. MAMP comes free of charge, and is easily installed. MAMP will not compromise any existing Apache installation already running on your system. You can install Apache, Nginx, PHP and MySQL without starting a script or having to change any configuration files! Furthermore, if MAMP is no longer needed, just delete the MAMP folder and everything returns to its original state (i.e. MAMP does not modify any of the "normal" system).



By default the intl extension is not included in MAMP.

4. Nginx

  1. https://bitnami.com/stack/nginx

4.1. Step 2: Installation

After downloading simply type in the following commands:


Go to a Linux shell and login as the system administrator root:

su	


Change the permissions to the installer

chmod 755 bitnami-nginx-1.18.0-8-linux-x64-installer.run	


Run the installer

./bitnami-nginx-1.18.0-8-linux-x64-installer.run	

$ sudo zypper install libncurses5

4.2. NGINX Rewrite Rules


4.3. Create a symbolic link to apps

Create a symbolic link between a directory which you have read and write permissions in with htdocs.


sudo ln -s /home/USERNAME/workspace/project /opt/nginx/apps/demo/htdocs/	

and enter root password when prompted.


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